Monday, May 25, 2020

Hephaestus, the Greek God of Fire and Volcanoes

Hephaestus is the name of the Greek god of volcanoes and a craftsman and blacksmith associated with metalworking and stone masonry. Of all the gods on Olympus, he is arguably the most human, having suffered abuse by the other gods, who by contrast are aloof, perfect, and remote from the frailties of men. Hephaestus is also connected to humanity by his chosen profession, sculptor, and blacksmith. Yet he is one of the children of the marriage of the powerful gods Zeus and Hera, also the most quarrelsome couple in the Olympian heaven. Some of the legends around Hephaestus suggest he was parthenogenic, the son of only Hera unaided by Zeus, an event caused by Hera in anger after Zeus produced Athena without the benefit of a female partner. Hephaestus is the god of fire, and the Roman version of Hephaestus is represented as Vulcan. Hephaestus Two Falls Hephaestus suffered two falls from Mount Olympus, both humiliating and painful—gods arent supposed to feel pain. The first was when Zeus and Hera were in the midst of one of their endless quarrels. Hephaestus took his mothers part, and in anger, Zeus threw Hephaestus off Mount Olympus. The fall took an entire day and when it ended in Lemnos, Hephaestus was nearly dead, his face and body permanently deformed. There he was tended by Lemnos human inhabitants; and when he finally as a wine steward to the Olympians, he was a figure of ridicule, particularly in comparison to the legendarily handsome wine steward Ganymede. The second fall from Olympus occurred when Hephaestus was still scarred by the first fall, and perhaps more humiliating, this one was caused by his mother. The legends say that Hera could not bear the sight of him and his deformed legs, and she wanted this reminder of a failed quarrel with Zeus to disappear, so she threw him off Mount Olympus once more. He stayed with the Neriads on earth for nine years, tended by Thetis and Eurynome. One myth reports that he only returned to Olympus by crafting a beautiful throne for his mother with a secret mechanism trapping her in it. Only Hephaestos could release her, but he refused to do so until he is made drunk enough to return to Olympus and set her free. Hephaestus and Thetis Hephaestus and Thetis Hephaestus is often associated with Thetis, another deity with human traits. Thetis was the mother of the doomed warrior Achilles, and she went to extraordinary lengths in numerous efforts to protect him from his foretold fate. Thetis tended Hephaestus after his first fall and later asked him to forge new weapons for her son. Thetis, the divine parent, begs Hephastus to craft a beuatiful shield for her son Achilles, a shield predestined to bring its bearer death. It was the last futile effort of Thetis; soon Achilles died. Hephaestus is said to have lusted after Athena, another crafts person; and in some versions of Mount Olympus, he was the husband of Aphrodite. Sources ​ Rinon Y. 2006. Tragic Hephaestus: The Humanized God in the Iliad and the Odyssey. Phoenix 60(1/2):1-20.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal - 949 Words

â€Å"A Modest Proposal† by Jonathan Swift takes place in Dublin Ireland in the 18th century. The narrator is a very ironic character. His â€Å"modest† proposal is anything but modest. This short story takes place during a famine. Since there was a famine, Swift proposes the idea that people sell their one year old children to the rich so they would not be a burden to their family. One important way in which the author engages the audience’s attention and tries to help his readers see deeper political, moral, and social truths and problems is through his use of irony. â€Å"A Modest Proposal† is a satire that is aimed at helping Swift’s contemporary readers to recognize how cold and calculating blunt rationalism is when used to address social†¦show more content†¦(Samar Nattagh â€Å"A Modest Proposal and the Irish potato famine†) Swift talks about walking through the street and as you are walking kids are pouring out of the woodwork. The children are everywhere. â€Å"They are packed in the roads and peering out of cabins† (Shmoop Editorial Team â€Å"A Modest Proposal Analysis†). Many Irish could not find jobs to support their children; therefore they spent all their time walking the streets to beg from others. The children grew up to be thieves. Every year there were several hundred thousand babies born including about 120,000 who had to be supported by poor parents (Cummings â€Å"A Modest Proposal Study Guide†). Symbolism is used throughout this short story. The narrator suggests that children be used as food. The English were not cannibals. The use of children as a symbol of food represents them being something of value. The narrator thinks the children are in a cycle of poverty where the parents are poor and therefore the children are poor and useless. â€Å"His only offering is that the children be put to use. Shockingly, the â€Å"use† these children are designated for is food†¦yes, that means that they would be eaten† (Smith â€Å"Irony and Social Critique in â€Å"A Modest Proposal†). Children are not to be treated as objects just like the poor are not lesser people. Swift’s story suggests that if the children were eaten the population and poverty problems would be solved (Smith â€Å"Irony and Social Critique in â€Å"A Modest Proposal†).Show MoreRelatedJonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal844 Words   |  4 Pagesprepared for Ms. Harveys Engl ish 1101 Class A Simple Solution Jonathan Swift’s â€Å"A Modest Proposal† is centered in Ireland in 1729. Swift describes his plan to reduce the amount of homelessness, poverty, and malnutrition. He begins by describing constantly seeing women with four or five children begging for food. Swift suggests plumping up the young children before selling them to the wealthy of Ireland for consumption. Dr. Jonathan Swift’s proposal not only potentially creates more problems than it solvesRead More Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal Essay1150 Words   |  5 PagesJonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal Swift was said to â€Å"declare at one stage in his life: ‘I am not of this vile country (Ireland), I am an Englishman’† (Hertford website). In his satire â€Å"A Modest Proposal,† he illustrates his dislike not only for the Irish, but for the English, organized religions, rich, greedy landlords, and people of power. It is obvious that Swift dislikes these people, but the reader must explore from where his loathing for the groups of people stems. I believe Swift notRead MoreIrony in Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal1101 Words   |  5 Pagesthe tome is usually kept serious and Irony and satire are widely used in such writings. On the other hand while describing the recent developments in genetic engineering, the tone would be objective and humor or satire would be ineffective here. Jonathan Swift was famous for his sarcastic remarks on the government of his days and his works are full of satire and irony which appear to be humorous but carry a sharp edge which make them effective for expressing political ideas. â€Å"Irony refers eitherRead More Jonathan Swifts Essay, A Modest Proposal659 Words   |  3 PagesJonathan Swifts Essay, A Modest Proposal Jonathan Swift in his essay, A Modest Proposal suggests a unique solution to the problem concerning poor children in Ireland. Swift uses several analytical techniques like statistics, induction, and testimony to persuade his readers. His idea is admirable because he suggests that instead of putting money into the problem, one can make money from the problem. However, his proposal is inhumane. Swift wrote his proposal for those that were tired ofRead MoreEssay on Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal1391 Words   |  6 Pages In Jonathan Swift’s essay, â€Å"A Modest Proposal†, Swift proposes that the poor should eat their own starving children during a great a famine in Ireland. What would draw Swift into writing to such lengths? When times get hard in Ireland, Swift states that the children would make great meals. The key factor to Swift’s essay that the reader must see that Swift is not literally ordering the poor to cannibalize. Swift acknowledges the fact of the scarcity of food and empathizes with the struggling andRead More Jonathan Swift’s A Modest Proposal Essay459 Words   |  2 PagesJonathan Swift’s â€Å"A Modest Proposal†   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In Jonathan Swift’s â€Å"A Modest Proposal,† published in 1729, Swift engages in an extraordinary amount of irony and satire. Swift states that in order to reduce famine in Ireland and to solve the problems that they are having that eating children would be a good solution. This is not the purpose of Swift’s essay. The real intent was to get the people of Britain to notice that the ideas that they were coming up with were not any better than his satiricalRead MoreAnalysis Of Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal998 Words   |  4 Pagesbest way to eliminate the social issues that are influencing it.Swift starts by taunting and blaming the moms of the children by saying that if they are capable of finding work they should instead of asking for money. Swift, wrote the essay,A Modest Proposal as a sarcastic approach to show people that they are not showing any interest or even coming up with working plans to decrease these social problems, for exa mple, fetus removal, overpopulation, and poorness. Through his terribly twisted ideaRead MoreSummary Of Jonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal918 Words   |  4 PagesIrish. One of these people was a man named Jonathan Swift. In his essay â€Å"A Modest Proposal† Swift challenges the status quo of the time and place in which it was written by proposing that they eat the children of the poor, ending the hate between the Protestants and the Catholics, and suggesting that the landowners have mercy towards their tenants. In his essay, Swift first suggests that the population of Ireland eat the children of the poor. This proposal would shock anyone, but it was definitelyRead MoreAnalysis of Jonathan Swifts Essay A Modest Proposal903 Words   |  4 PagesJonathan Swifts 1729 essay A Modest Proposal deals with societal issues contemporary to him and is meant to provide harsh criticism in regard to values promoted by society at the time. The author uses this essay with the purpose of suggesting that he found the solution to financial problems experienced by the Irish during the era. By advising these people to sell their people to wealthy individuals in England, he intends to satirize society by emphasizing the cruel attitudes generally expressedRead MoreJonathan Swifts A Modest Proposal And The Daily Show1139 Words   |  5 Pagesgrievances and wait for slow and often ineffective changes to take place. However, in the eighteenth century Jonathan Swift broke societys norms through his highly disturbing and shocking satirical piece A Modest Proposal. Swift proposes to the English Protestants a cannibal solution for the Irish Catholic children who are dying of starvation and diseases on the streets each day. Swift’s far from â€Å"modest† solution paved the way for modern day satirical outlets like The Daily Show. In a time where news commentators

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay about Self-Management Behavioral Contract - 768 Words

Self-Management Behavioral Contract GOALS AND OBJECTIVES Jessica is overweight, has diabetes since 1993. Her ultimate goal is to lose weight, become an active person who competes in charity runs, and avoid having to take medication to control her glucose. Obviously, without training for the charity run, Jessica will likely not succeed in the race. So Jessica’s short term goal will be to start an exercise program slowly and safely. As a result of learning how to improve her eating habits, Jessica will begin to train for her race. Jessica’s goals of not taking medication will be a line with increasing her insulin sensitivity through exercise. Jessica has to realize what her long term gals are and then set up a plan or a†¦show more content†¦Getting started and deciding what to do first can be challenging. There are people and resources available to help you on your way to living well with diabetes. Following are some tips to set the stage: †¢ Relax. †¢ Gather your health care team. †¢ Get an overview of what needs to be done. †¢ Get education about how to do it. †¢ Share your plan/needs with others close to you. †¢ Allow yourself time to practice making needed behavior changes and adding diabetes care tasks. †¢ Like most challenges you have faced in your life, keeping a positive attitude is important. Many people live happy, healthy lives. People with diabetes do too. Two of the most important issues that a diabetic must worry about include the management of blood-sugar levels and the intake of carbohydrates and sugars. Diabetic management is the best way to address these two important factors. Diabetics cannot process certain carbohydrates and sugars the way normal individuals can. As a result, diabetics have to constantly measure the amount of glucose in their blood. Doctors usually provide diabetic patients with a type of monitor that is used to measure blood-sugar levels. Several different varieties exist, and which one is prescribed, depends on the individual patient. There are many reasons why certain people are more prone to acquiring diabetes than others are. Genetics plays an important role, but weight also contributes a bit to the development ofShow MoreRelatedThe Behavior Therapy For Children With Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder At School1216 Words   |  5 PagesHyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), is one of the most well-known behavioral disorder in children (Madhuri 2015), Which estimated all year at about 3–10% between children worldwide. A.D.H.D is more commonly observed in boys five times more than girls ( Jonna 2006). There is no doubt that ADHD children exacts an enormous burden on society in terms of financial cost, stress to families, and adverse academic outcomes. a according to the behavioral symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity thatRead MoreDieting And Weight Management : Nutrition970 Words   |  4 Pages Healthy weight management is about your health, not your waistline, with discipline, being the difference between dieting and managing your weight. Change your mindset and you can change your body, discipline can be the difference between dieting and weight management. Health behaviors have a great effect on how we live our lives, often dictating how we experience our environment. One health behavior that many find difficult, including myself, to manage or alter over time is weight. The physicalRead MoreAn M-Health Application for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes1181 Words   |  5 PagesAn m-Health Application for Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Product Description Though it is known that self-monitoring blood sugar level is necessary for effective self-care of type 1 diabetes mellitus, adolescents with diabetes require decision-support aids to effectively analyze a blood glucose result and take appropriate action to optimize glycemic control (Hood, Peterson, Rohan, Drotar, 2009). Therefore, mobile technology-based intervention can be effectively implemented to help in thisRead MoreBehavioral Theory Influence on Personality Essay1280 Words   |  6 PagesBehavioral Theory Influence on Personality There are a number of theories which have attempted to explain human behavior and its impact on social as well as work life. These theories have tried to explain how human behavior shapes a person’s personality. One of the important theories is the Behavioral Theory or Behaviorism. This theory depends on the premise that all kinds of human behaviors are basically acquired via conditioning. The behavioral theories originated in the first part ofRead MoreMeasuring Counselors For An Organization That Provides Marriage And Family Counseling1337 Words   |  6 Pagesabilities will focus on the counselors work performance. The work performance will include: adaptability, compliance, conflict management, effective communication, leadership, awareness, flexibility, resilience, sensitivity towards others, team work, integrity, and independence. The culture assessment will measure the counselor’s ability to help all clients with being self-aware and unbiased. The behavior competencies will measure the counselors’ patterns and conduct. The competency assessments willRead MoreThe Behavioral Health Division Is A Community Mental Health Center1353 Words   |  6 Pagesnonprofit organization, the Behavioral Health division is a community mental health center that focus on children from the age of five to nineteen. Helping People Succeed have become a leader in the community due to the services they provided in Martin, St. Lucie, Okeechobee and Indian River counties. We serve over five hundred clients per year. Since the Medicaid expansion and mental health changes under the affordable healthcare in 2014. The organization behavioral health division is projectedRead MoreThe Mediating Roles Of Psychological Contract Fulfillment1228 Words   |  5 Pagesroles of psychological contract fulfillment, need for change and trust. Trust being the only one included in three of the hypotheses. For hypothesis 1 the authors hypothesized that psychological contract fulfillment moderates the relationship of attitude toward change and change information, therefore change information is positively correlated to psychological contract fulfillment. Furthermore psychological contract fulfillment would be positively correlated to behavioral, affective, and cognitiveRead MoreCase Analysis: Employee Attitudes710 Words   |  3 Pagesduring a recession is employee attitudes. Excellent management skills are needed in trying economic times in order to boost employee morale and productivity. One of the methods used include Schwartz’s 10 values that guide a person’s behavior. Another method used is affective, cognitive, and behavioral components that influence behavior by increasing organizational commitment. Increasing employee involvement is also important to management. Ajzen’s theory of planned behavior can be used by managersRead MoreStages of Carlo DiClementes Change Model Essay1201 Words   |  5 Pagesto positive s causing a balance in value and good that can produced a profound ambivalence that can paralyze that change for long periods of time even though the measure is six months. Preparation: This change is when the individual’s attitude and self-regulation begins to increase at this stage. It could also include the contemplation stage since both are increasing commitment. Action: This change is when the individual is modifying his behavior while learning new skills to prevent setbacks toRead MoreOrganizational Economics Theory : A Fundamental And Universal Problem Of Organizations784 Words   |  4 Pagesgovernment agencies and nonprofit organizations, those who have the authority to control policy and resource decisions. Also rooted in the second half of the 20th century Organization Economics Theory is concerned with agency theory, behavioral theory, incomplete contract theory, transaction cost economics, and game theory (Shafritz, Jang, Ott, 2011). Unlike typical neoclassic economic models that see organizations as systems for managing productions costs and schedules, key questions organizational

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Discuss how Shakespeare uses language and dramatic devices in Act 2 Scene 2 Essay Example For Students

Discuss how Shakespeare uses language and dramatic devices in Act 2 Scene 2 Essay Following Act 1 Scene 5, where Romeo and Juliet met at the Grand Capulets Ball, the two meet again in Act 2 Scene 2. During Act 2 Scene 2, commonly known as the balcony scene, Romeo passes to the Capulets Mansion in search of Juliet. On locating her, he stays hidden, witnessing the declaration of Juliets love for him. He overhears her talking aloud of her own love for him, and her concern about the fact that he is a Montague, born of a family that are enemies to her own household: wherefore, or why, she asks herself, could he not have been born with any other name? Shortly after, he reveals himself whilst Juliet, above him on the balcony, is shocked and fears for his safety. However, Romeo persists in attempting to woo her and both are eager to discuss their love for one another. Theyre clearly love-struck and arrange to be married within the following day. They reluctantly part before being interrupted by Juliets Nurse. Throughout the scene, Romeos language is poetic and religious in comparison to previous scenes. His extravagant sentences show his true, genuine love for Juliet. He uses metaphors including: O speak again, bright angel He refers to her as a bright angel against a dark sky. Prior to meeting her, darkness was not just over his head, it was in his heart. Now, he is separated from the dark sky by his vision of Juliet. She signifies purity being a virgin, and her beauty and goodness. Alternatively, her angelic figure could be seen symbolically as foreshadowing her later death. shes above Romeo, theres a correlation to her being above him on the balcony and her being out of Romeos reach; this is a warning to him as he shouldnt be anywhere near her. Romeos emotive language changes dramatically when he meets Juliet; again, it is far more poetic and is such a contrast to how he spoke about his previous love, Rosaline. Earlier in the play (in Act 1 Scene 1), while describing his love for Rosaline, he says, Why, then, O brawling love! O loving hate! these two contradictory phrases known as oxymorons prove how Romeos perspective of love then was simply lust for Rosaline. The word brawling effectively is language of war, not expected language of love. In particular, loving hate suggests how his love for Rosaline was not genuine, it was lust. Whereas, in Act 2 Scene 2, he uses phrases such as dear saint towards Juliet, this religious language differs from the way he spoke beforehand. The word Saint in the Elizabethan era was a word regularly used as the church dominated topics of discussion, being such a controversial subject (Catholic and Protestant rivalry). Saints are often as having halos, which is a symbol of their holiness, moreo ver, Juliets innocence and goodness. Romeos emotions change during the play in a very sudden and abrupt way. Shakespeare uses this to emphasize Romeos character, language and action whilst enhancing his emotions, along with the use of courtly love. use of hyperboles is key to this. The very first line of the scene, Romeo says, He jests at scars that never felt a wound. Romeo is talking about Mercutio joking about something he has never felt, which obviously would have irritated him, consequently he would have used a very bitter tone. This is not normally defined as language of love, especially with the body language and facial expressions the actor would have used to show this. He is talking about love but uses words that convey pain and suffering. It is the east, and Juliet is the Sun. In this line Romeo is talking about Juliet rising like the sun. Romeo thinks Juliet is the sun of his life which he depends on for life. This metaphor becomes influential to the rest of the play in that he views her as the giver of light, above him, and again, out of reach, which essentially relates to the main plot and their forbidden love. Though it is late at night, Juliets surpassing beauty makes Romeo imagine that she is the sun, transforming the darkness into daylight. Romeo likewise personifies the moon, calling it sick and pale with grief at the fact that Juliet, the sun, is far brighter and more beautiful. Romeo then compares Juliet to the stars, claiming that she eclipses the stars as daylight overpowers a lamp her eyes alone shine so bright that they will convince the birds to sing at night as if it were day. Christmas Carol EssayLater on in the scene, Juliet speaks in depth about Romeo, and his name. She repeats the word name on five different occasions. Tis but thy name that is my enemy this shows she thinks of Romeo in individual terms yet the name he possesses is of enemy to her family, and thus her love for him overrides her familys hatred for the Montague name. Shakespeares repetition of the word name really illustrates how this is such an important matter to Juliet, living with such controversial matters. Following this, she mentions, Whats in a name? That which we call a rose. By any other word would smell as sweet referring to Romeo and his name, saying that he would still be as sweet and beautiful if he were called by another name. Likewise, a rose would still be as sweet-smelling and beautiful if it had a different name, however, in referring and comparing Romeos name to being a Rose, theres the fact that there are sharp, needlelike thorns on the rose, conjuring up the image that these are signs of warning about their new-found love. Following this, Romeo pronounces This bud of love, by summers ripening breath, may prove a beauteous flower when we next meet. The opening metaphor conjures up the image that their love is young, innocent, and pure in need of the chance to let their love bloom. Relating to a previous paragraph, he needs her the sun to be there, without her, their love cannot bloom. Juliets desperate need for Romeos word that he loves her, is evident as she puts a straight forward question to him: Dost thou love me? In comparison to the nature of Romeos questions, shes distinctly fearful and in need of his reassurance, noticeably without the somewhat confusing language he may have used earlier. I believe Shakespeare has used this technique of short, to the point questions and clauses, to convey Juliets feelings. However, again, Romeo uses lengthy, romantic answers, while he swears by the moon that he loves her. Romeos exaggerated, deep language, clouded with poetic imagery in some ways is shown to irritate Juliet (looking for direct, rational answers from Romeo) as he swears by the moon which provokes the reply O, swear not by the moon, thinconstant moon, that monthly changes in her circle orb, lest that thy love prove likewise variable. Juliet is concerned that by swearing on the variable, undependable moon, their love will be destined to follow the same path, with Romeo becoming unreliable. She clearly wants and needs a stable relationship if shes going to take such an enormous, life-changing risk. He hasnt proved too reliable yet as he forgot Rosaline so quickly. An effective technique Shakespeare has used is how Juliet interrupts Romeo before it is possible to begin his speech fully, If my hearts dear love - indicating her frustration and intolerance with his extravagant language, solely wanting a simple answer. Further in the scene, Juliet is forced to interrupt Romeo in the midst of his replies to her realistic, practical questioning. The dramatic devices, along with stage directions, would be vital in order to engage the audiences attention. Some of the language used has other forms of innuendo or hidden meanings including: Whats a Montague? It is nor hand nor foot, nor arm nor face, nor any other part belonging to a man. This would help to catch the attention of the audience during the Shakespearean era. On parting, prior to the end of the scene, both Romeo and Juliet retire slowly, and reluctantly as Juliet is called by her Nurse. It is therefore obvious they are both love-struck and do not wish to part. Also, beforehand, they had say goodnight more than once Good night, good night!, O blessà ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½d, blessà ¯Ã‚ ¿Ã‚ ½d night! Romeo is most reluctant to leave Juliet, and her presence. In conclusion, theres a great contrast in the language of both Romeo and Juliet, as a consequence of their own fears in such a hasty new relationship. In general, both characters change when they meet again in Act 2 Scene 2; Romeos language becoming much more poetic and positive, and Juliets being more realistic than before whilst at the ball. The forms of dramatic devices used vary for effect, but heavily influence the mood in the play, and the characters feelings. Imagery used such as similes, metaphors and personification contribute to the effect of this scene in particular.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

Ipp Essay Research Paper Intellectual Property PiracyIn free essay sample

Ipp Essay, Research Paper Intellectual Property Piracy In today=s society engineering has made life easier and about wholly machine-controlled. You no longer necessitate to travel to a Teller in a bank to lodge, retreat, or even hard currency a cheque. You can even plan a reckoner to work out for the degree Celsius value in an equation in math category. To even exceed things off you no longer necessitate to be at place or around a computing machine to travel on to the cyberspace with promotions in cellular phone engineering. Unfortunately there are drawbacks to the quickly turning field of engineering and computing machines. The cyberspace is doing more and more music, films, games, and 1000s of other package accessible. Most of it is stolen or APIRATED @ , and so put up on the cyberspace for anybody to download and utilize on their Personal computer ( personal computing machine ) . Along the lines there are even plans that let you happen, download, and utilize what you want at no charge. We will write a custom essay sample on Ipp Essay Research Paper Intellectual Property PiracyIn or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page To be able to make this hurts or even destroys the discoverers really ain rational belongings and they have the right to do royalties off of their thought, whether it is music, films, games, or even business/personal package. The loss of these belongingss are due to four chief factors, networking, encoding, few or no case in points, and a fast growing, in the Personal computer field. All of which have led rational belongings on the hemorrhage border of the engineering universe but has non wholly eliminated it from the market. Some companies are bettering in those country with better scheduling and encrypting. Besides with the aid of the United States authorities in doing Torahs, criterions, and bureaus wholly focused on this country of engineering. The first issue is networking. Whether its on a local degree such as an intranet or LAN ( local country web ) where merely a few computing machines are networked or connected together and have file sharing entree or as a universe broad factor as the cyberspace or WAN ( broad country web ) . Networking allows multiple usage entree the same information at the same clip. When there is an intranet it is localized to merely a little community such as a concern or local school. However they tend to be nexus or connected to the cyberspace leting entrance and surpassing traffic through the extranet waiter. The extranet waiter gives the LAN entree to the outside universe but besides give the outside universe entree to them. With 100s of 1000s of computing machines linked to each other Gs ( about one billion bytes ) of Gs of informations are shared. To entree this information you need a plan that uses a procedure called FTP ( file transportation protocol ) or HTTP ( hyper text transportation p rotocol ) . Many of these plans are free and come with your Personal computer, such as Microsoft 7 Internet Explorer or Netscape 7 Navigator. With these plans allow anybody that has entree to the cyberspace to position and even download anything they want. As another manner to have informations is through a direct connexion contact via FTP. A really common and popular plan to make this is used for music and is even under reappraisal by the United States federal tribunal system, Napster 7. Napster 7 allows you to log on to a waiter and browse or expression at what other users have on there computing machine and download anything at one time. As of the thirteenth of November twelvemonth two thousand there are seven thousand, nine hundred and five Gs of informations and is comprised of 1,907,942 vocals being shared at any user=s petition ( Napster client v2.0beta 7 ) . Some of those vocals might be free to portion but that is merely at the artist consent, but all other vocals and creat ive persons lose their right to royalties and lose money. However non all creative person are against the thought of sharing this manner, they merely work around it. Some sets are seting secret vocals on there albums and non seting them on the list of vocals on the album or doing the album an synergistic album with the aid of SONY=s CD EXTRA. These are merely a few ways that artist protecting them egos against the cyberspace. Along with networking jobs comes encoding and protecting your digital and rational belongings. Technology is doing it easier to pack, mass multiply, and administer a merchandise. Besides with the entire slice out of eight path cassette tape and long drama record, music has converted over to Cadmiums ( compact phonograph record ) . Cadmiums are in digital format what are composed purely zeros and 1s. Now that CDRW ( compact phonograph record rhenium write ) thrusts have been released anybody can copy any Cadmium they wish. Besides along the lines of copying Cadmiums there is package that lets anybody convert Cadmium sound into a low infinite format mat called MP3 ( Mpeg 3 bed ) , and can utilize the same plan to play the vocal with out the Cadmium. With this capableness you can merchandise, sell, and even merely give away the music with out the creative person acquiring one penny of royalty. Some Cadmium industries are coding their merchandises to protect their informations. Another type of buccaneering of rational DVD ( digital versatile/video phonograph record ) ripping. A DV D is non a wholly the same as a Cadmium, it takes a particular thrust that reads the different beds on the phonograph record, and transfers the information a faster velocity. Besides a different thrust, the phonograph record infinite capacity of a DVD is about 10 times the size of the mean Cadmium. With these alterations and a high encoding format a individual is non able to copy a DVD on to a Cadmium, but you can rend the film. To rend the film means to copy the image in a lower quality and different format that the DVD comes on. There is package that allows you to rend a film that is seven Gs in a film that is about 600 Ms ( about six hundred million bytes ) in a Divx format. The quality of this format is really good and really fast but non every bit good as DVD. One of the job with holding an thought digitalized is that there are really few Torahs sing the protection of an thought that is electronically produced. In the latest intelligence sing electronic right of first publication Napster is at the top of the list. Napster is one of the first companies to be charged with electronic buccaneering. They are being sued by many creative person and their record labels, and Napster is puting a prevision in the file sharing of music over the cyberspace. Napster wrote a plan that allow their users to log into a waiter that is located in California, and hunt, position, and so download each others files at that minute. This procedure wholly cut out the in-between adult male of the record label, and besides cutting off the consent to the creative person. Besides losing the consent of the creative person, the users are go forthing out the royalties that are paid to the creative person for their work and thought. The job with the cyberspace and file sharing is that there is a batch of land that has to be explored because the country is so new. It is besides a booming market and concern topographic point, but still has a batch of development and growing. With the growing of the new market country at that place has merely been a few case in points set in to topographic point and criterions really from state to state. What may be illegal in one state might be wholly legal in another, such as drink and buying intoxicant in the United States one must be of the age of 20 one, where in Europe the common age is 16. The cyberspace allows people to setup waiter in multiple states where it is legal and wholly accessible all over the universe, and allows them to host something that might be illegal in their place state. Unfortunately states set thier ain case in points, criterions, and Torahs that consequence the whole universe, but the Godheads of the music, package, or film will hold to travel to protect their merchandise better. One of the ground for the deficiency of jurisprudence is that the rapid growing of the computing machine industry, for it is merely 20 old ages old. The computing machine field is invariably turning and altering before any Torahs can be made. Computers programers are ever seeking to do plans easier, faster, and more low-cost for consumers. However there are plans known as AHACKERS @ that there accomplishments are harbored in being able to check or interrupt the codification that makes up the plans that many consumers want. They work merely to see if they can check the codification as a shake. Unfortunately it is going easier and easier to go a AHACKER @ with out cognizing who to even cognize how to plan or write machine codification. There is more and more package being developed to change over music to MP3s, rake DVDs into DIVX format, and CDRW package that allows to make a Cadmium in merely a few proceedingss. With these plans being produced it allows anybody make what the professi onals know how to make at the easy of point and click interface. However the plans are a menace the major developers of music, package, and films where merely they have the popular merchandises that everybody wants. But the major developers are in the cutting border of networking, encoding, and growing. Intellectual belongings buccaneering is a serious and financially violative offense. It helps increase the retail monetary value of music, package, and films. It is lead by the growing of engineering and the deficiency of Torahs against it. Equally long as there are people looking for a manner out of paying for something there will be rational belongings buccaneering. What is needed to be done is better security and encoding for digital informations, harsher Torahs, and an internet criterion for all states. ADigital usage of films flickers free address battle in case @ 7Aug 2000 hypertext transfer protocol: //www.post # 64979 ; gazette.com/headlines/20000807dvdsuit1.asp KopyKatz hypertext transfer protocol: //www.kopykatz.com 13 Nov 2000 Napster. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.napster.com/win/download/ 13 Nov 2000 ANapster may be the King of Gross saless Spin @ 9 Nov 2000 hypertext transfer protocol: //www.post # 64979 ; gazette.com/interact/20001109radin.asp Oz, Effy. Management Information System. Cambridge, MA: Course 2000 AVideo on demand: Any DVD film can be copied, sent online @ 6 Aug 2000http: //www.post # 64979 ; gazette.com/businessnews/20000806interact7.asp

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

Langue - Definition and Discussion

Langue - Definition and Discussion In linguistics, language as an abstract system of signs (the underlying structure of a language), in contrast to parole, the individual expressions of language (speech acts that are the products of langue). This distinction between langue and parole was first made by Swiss linguist Ferdinand de Saussure in his Course in General Linguistics (1916). See more observations below. Also see: Linguistic CompetenceParoleSemioticsSignWhat Is Language?What Is Linguistics? Etymology:  From the French, language Pronunciation:  lahng Observations on Langue Saussure distinguished between; langue, the rules of sign system (which might be grammar) and- parole, the articulation of signs (for example, speech or writing), the sum of which is language:language langue parole While langue could be the rules of, say, English grammar, it does not mean parole always has to conform to the rules of standard English (what some people erroneously call proper English). Langue is less rigid than the phrase set of rules implies, it is more a guideline and is inferred from the parole. Language is often likened to an iceberg: the parole is visible, but the rules, the supporting structure, are hidden.(Nick Lacey, Image and Representation: Key Concepts in Media Studies. Palgrave, 1998) The language system [langue] is not a function of the speaking subject, it is the product which the individual registers passively; it never presupposes premeditation, and reflection only comes into it for the activity of classification which will be discussed later.(Ferdinand de Saussure, Course in General Linguistics, 1916; translated by Wade Baskin, 1959) Langue and Parole Langue/ParoleThe reference here is to the distinction made by the Swiss linguist Saussure. Where parole is the realm of the individual moments of language use, of particular utterances or messages, whether spoken or written, langue is the system or code (le code de la langue) which allows the realization of the individual messages. As the language-system, object of linguistics, langue is thus totally to be differentiated from language, the heterogeneous totality with which the linguist is initially faced and which may be studied from a variety of points of view, partaking as it does of the physical, the physiological, the mental, the individual and the social. It is precisely by delimiting its specific object (that is, of the langue, the system of the language) that Saussure founds linguistics as a science.(Stephen Heath, Translators Note in Image-Music-Text by Roland Barthes. Macmillan, 1988) Interdependency of Langue and Parole​Saussures Cours does not overlook the importance of reciprocal conditioning between langue and parole. If it is true that langue is implied by parole, parole, on the other hand, takes priority on two levels, namely that of learning and that of development: it is in hearing others that we learn our mother tongue; it manages to settle in our brain only after countless experiences. Finally, it is parole that makes langue develop: it is the impressions received by hearing others that alter our linguistic habits. Thus langue and parole are interdependent; the former is both the instrument and the product of the latter (1952, 27).(Claude Hagà ¨ge, On the Death and Life of Languages. Yale Univ. Press, 2009)

Sunday, February 23, 2020

In the communist manifesto karl marx states capital is... not a Essay

In the communist manifesto karl marx states capital is... not a personal, but a social power. Discuss what marx means by this - Essay Example In the book â€Å"The Communist Manifesto†, Karl Marx has shown the victory of the disciples of proletarian in the communist society. In the ancient period, all the powers of the old Europe were attracted towards the holy union in order to exercise the communism. The holy union was among the spies of German police and French radicals, Pope and Tsar and the Guizot and Metternich. During this period, it was highly realized by the Europeans that the communists must openly face the entire world and meet the study of communism with the policy of the party itself. Karl Marx had also stated that the capital is not a personal but a social power. A lucid explanation of this statement would be further discussed in the essay on the basis of the bourgeois, proletarians and the communists. Discussion on the Statement i.e. "Capital is... Not a Personal, But a Social Power" and Marx’s Use of the Word â€Å"Parasite† It has been a trend that the simple words ‘oppressorâ₠¬â„¢ and ‘oppressed’ have marked several histories of open fights, which ended with a revolution among the different classes of people in the society or destruction of a particular class of people. Likewise, the revolutionary action among the bourgeois and proletarians resulted in the abolition of the capitalists’ society and introduced communism in the society. Bourgeois and proletarians are the two major dimensions of the communists’ society in the ancient times. Bourgeois were the modern capitalists acting as the owner of the production activities and the employer of the labors. On the other hand, proletarians were the group of laborers who did not have their own modes of production and were compelled to sell their labor power to the bourgeois. At that period of time, bourgeois were holding the supreme power in the society as they were the middle class owners of the production activities and the labors. The labors were the proletarians who had no power in the society rather they were treated as the private labor of the bourgeois. The proletarians were compelled to sell their labors to the bourgeois in order to earn their living. The proletarians were suppressed by the bourgeois as they had no rights of property and self-esteem in that society. Nonetheless, it was frequently observed that the communists had represented the interests of the proletarians as a whole in the movement during their fight for the property and rights1. The communists had never opposed the other working class entities of the society. They always formed similar party to that of the working class. They served the similar aims of the party as the proletariat does. The distinction between the communists and the other working parties arrive on the basis of two of the grounds. The first base is that the communists had brought the common interest of the proletarians in light during their national fight in various countries. The other is that the communists were sig nifying the interests of all the parties in the movement as a whole during the stages of development of the proletarian society. These two characteristics of the communists not only made them different from the other working class parties in the world but they had also made them the most advanced party in the entire world. The communists had the similar aim to that of the proletarians. The aims of both these parties were end of the bourgeois superiority, development of proletariat into a class and invasion of the political